International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)

Facts and figures

  • Global number of children in child labour has declined by one third since 2000, from 246 million to 168 million children. More than half of them, 85 million, are in hazardous work (down from 171 million in 2000).
  • Asia and the Pacific still has the largest numbers (almost 78 million or 9.3% of child population), but Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region with the highest incidence of child labour (59 million, over 21%).
  • There are 13 million (8.8%) of children in child labour in Latin America and the Caribbean and in the Middle East and North Africa there are 9.2 million (8.4%).
  • Agriculture remains by far the most important sector where child labourers can be found (98 million, or 59%), but the problems are not negligible in services (54 million) and industry (12 million) – mostly in the informal economy.
  • Child labour among girls fell by 40% since 2000, compared to 25% for boys.
Source: Marking progress against child labour - Global estimates and trends 2000-2012 (ILO-IPEC, 2013).

Just released

  1. Looking for answers: Researching hazardous work of children

    27 November 2014

    This summary of our preliminary consultations on the topic of ‘health impacts of child labour’ aims to draw attention to the research gaps and to encourage those with interest and expertise in this area – both agencies and individuals - to join with us in addressing these gaps.

  2. Sampling elusive populations: Applications to studies of child labour

    17 October 2014

    This Manual complements the earlier volume on Sampling for household-based surveys of child labour brought out by within the framework of the ILO-IPEC Statistical Information and Monitoring Programme on Child Labour (SIMPOC) and contributes to survey methodology that goes beyond the particular subject of child labour. Thus, anyone interested in issues and practical solutions to problems such as sampling from imperfect frames or sampling difficult populations would benefit from the contents of this Manual.

  3. Ghana Living Standards Survey Round 6 (GLSS6) - Child Labour

    16 October 2014

    The Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS) 2013 (round sixth) (GLSS6) is a nation-wide household survey conducted between 18 October 2012 and 17 October 2013. It collected information on the demographic characteristics of the population, their education, health, employment and time use, migration, housing conditions and household agriculture, among others. Like the previous rounds of GLSS, the GLSS6 had a specific Labour Force Module which was expanded to include a section on child labour. This report focuses on Child Labour in Ghana and is based on the results obtained from the implementation of the GLSS6.


  1. Conference

    III Global Conference on Child Labour - Brasilia, 8-10 October 2013

    The ILO will participate in the III Global Conference on Child Labour which will bring together representatives from government, social partners, civil society, regional and international organizations to share policies and experiences in the global fight against child labour.

    The Conference – organized by the Brazilian Government – will be an opportunity to reflect on the progress made since the previous global conference was held in The Hague in 2010, and to discuss ways to accelerate global efforts against child labour – especially its worst forms.