Publications on labour migration

March 2020

  1. Fair recruitment

    Review of law, policy and practice of recruitment of migrant workers in Pakistan

    11 March 2020

    This review provides an overview of legislative and policy frameworks concerning recruitment of migrant workers in Pakistan. The review identifies gaps in relation to the ILO General Principles and Operational Guidelines for Fair Recruitment, and proposes recommendations for ensuring fair recruitment.

  2. Publication

    New tool for labour migration researchers and policy makers

    04 March 2020

    Visit the ILO’s global database of over 90 national laws, policies and regulations that have defined recruitment fees and related costs.

February 2020

  1. Meeting document

    Final recommendations

    24 February 2020

    Proposed Actions on Improving Cooperation between Labour Inspectors, Recruitment Agency Regulators and Anti-Trafficking Police

  2. Newsletter

    Fair Recruitment Initiative Newsletter - Edition February 2020

    04 February 2020

  3. Fair recruitment

    Female labour migration from Pakistan: A situation analysis

    01 February 2020

    This report examines patterns and characteristics of female labour migration from Pakistan, and provides recommendations to ensure that women have equal opportunities for safe and fair migration.

January 2020


    The future of work and migration: 12th ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour (AFML) thematic background paper

    01 January 2020

    This paper was prepared to inform and guide the discussions on “Future of Work and Migration” at the 12th ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour (AFML) held from 25 to 26 September 2019 in Bangkok, Thailand. The AFML is a tripartite meeting that brings together governments, employers’ organizations, and workers’ organizations, alongside civil society organizations, to discuss migration governance issues across the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region, and aims to promote and protect migrant workers’ rights.


    The ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour (AFML) Background information booklet (4th edition)

    01 January 2020

    The ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour (AFML) is a regional tripartite platform to discuss issues faced by women and men migrant workers from and within ASEAN. The ASEAN Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of Migrant Workers (Cebu Declaration) was adopted by the ten ASEAN Member States (AMS) in 2007 in Cebu, the Philippines. The Cebu Declaration shows the AMS’ commitment to protect and promote the rights of migrant workers in the region. In order to advance the principles of the Cebu Declaration, the AFML was established to provide an open platform for governments, employers, workers, and civil society organizations to discuss complex and regional labour migration issues. Twelve AFMLs have been held to date. This publication contains information on the establishment of the AFML, past themes, and the Recommendations adopted at the 3rd–12th AFMLs, showing progress being made toward the implementation of the Cebu Declaration. This background information booklet provides an overview of the AFML process, and is a product of the International Labour Organization (ILO) TRIANGLE in ASEAN programme, a partnership between the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Global Affairs Canada, and the ILO.

December 2019


    Effective return and reintegration of migrant workers with special focus on ASEAN Member States

    31 December 2019

    This report was prepared as the background document for the ASEAN Workshop on Reintegration Programmes for Returning Migrant Workers (27–28 August 2019) in Yogyakarta, organized by the Ministry of Manpower, Government of Indonesia, and the ILO TRIANGLE in ASEAN programme.

  2. Fair recruitment

    Operational Manual on Recruitment Costs – SDG 10.7.1

    20 December 2019

    This Operational Manual on Recruitment Costs – SDG 10.7.1 aids in the collection and dissemination of data on recruitment costs and serves as a means of setting standards to produce comparable data across countries.

  3. EMPLOYMENT Working Paper No. 256

    Refugees and decent work: Lessons learned from recent refugee jobs compacts

    17 December 2019