Crises produce devastating effects on societies, particularly in poor, vulnerable countries. Armed conflicts, natural disasters, financial and economic downturn and difficult political and social transitions destroy socioeconomic infrastructure, the very means of production, natural and human resources, and vast numbers of jobs. The magnitude, pervasiveness and alarming upward trend of such human tragedies demands a special ILO focus. The Programme on Crisis Response and Reconstruction is the ILO response to the above trend. It tackles the challenges posed to Decent Work by crises, operating through a combination of knowledge development, technical and policy guidelines, advocacy, capacity building and rapid-response interventions in the field. It aims to facilitate the revival of livelihoods and the socioeconomic reintegration of diverse crises affected groups, promote the reconstruction and development of their countries and reduce the occurrence and adverse impact of future crises.