Publications on informal economy

  1. Executive Summary

    World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2023

    16 January 2023

    This ILO flagship report details the impact of economic slowdown on the global labour market.

  2. Report

    World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2023

    16 January 2023

    This ILO flagship report details the impact of economic slowdown on the global labour market.

  3. ILO Working paper 86

    Negotiations by workers in the informal economy

    04 January 2023

    This paper provides empirical evidence from Africa, Asia and the Americas on negotiations and collective bargaining by workers in the informal economy.

  4. Publication

    Legislative and Policy Coherence on the Extension of Social Security Coverage in Jordan

    12 December 2022

    The objective of this report is to identify options to strengthen legislative and policy coherence on the extension of social security in Jordan through an in-depth analysis of the national legal and policy frameworks.

  5. ILO-UNEP-IUCN joint report

    Decent Work in Nature-based Solutions 2022

    08 December 2022

    The first report in a biennial global series on work and employment in the emerging nature conservation and restoration economy

  6. Publication

    Decent Work in Nature-based Solutions 2022-Appendices

    08 December 2022

  7. Publication

    Challenges related to informality and formalization in Turkana County, Kenya

    08 December 2022

    The ILO conducted a study to identify barriers related to informality and formalization of enterprises and jobs in the informal economy in Turkana County.

  8. ILO Working paper 85

    Ride-hailing versus traditional taxi services: The experiences of taxi drivers in Lebanon

    05 December 2022

    This paper provides insights into the working conditions of platform-based taxi drivers, and engages critically with the development of taxi platforms in Lebanon and shows its dependence on venture capital funds, the “non‑uberized” economy, the State and the non-market society in Lebanon, which is experiencing a structural transformation of its economy and labour market.

  9. ILO Working paper 84

    Engendering informality statistics: gaps and opportunities

    21 November 2022

    Informality is a dynamic and multidimensional concern that demands gender-sensitive data. In 2018, globally, more than 60% of employment was informal. However, global averages hide that in more countries the share of women in informal employment exceeds that of men. Also, women in the informal economy are often in the most unprotected situations – as domestic workers, home-based workers and contributing family workers – where a lack of visibility can increase their vulnerability.

  10. Publication

    Assessment of social security coverage of workers in diverse forms of employment and in platform employment in China

    12 October 2022