Working papers


  1. ILO Working Paper 8

    Youth Aspirations and the Future of Work: A Review of the Literature and Evidence

    14 September 2020

    This report was undertaken as part of the ILO Future of Work project and aims to (i) review the literature on the concepts and drivers of aspirations; (ii) develop a conceptual framework that relates labour market conditions to aspirations; (iii) map the existing survey-based evidence on the aspirations of youth worldwide; and (iv) provide insights into how to improve data collection, research and evidence-based policy-making related to young persons aspirations.

  2. Governance and Tripartism Department

    Report on Review of Malaysia’s Labour Dispute Resolution System

    09 September 2020

    This report analyses Malaysia’s labour dispute resolution system, highlighting the interactions between different institutions, their actors, and their regulatory frameworks; and identifies areas for legislative and institutional reform.

  3. Publication

    More and Better Jobs through Socially Responsible Labour and Business Practices in the Electronics Sector of Viet Nam

    21 August 2020

    This report seeks to contribute to the question of how enterprises can generate more and better jobs through socially responsible labour and business practices in the Vietnamese electronics sector, taking into account the evolving transnational production system as Viet Nam is further integrated in the global economy. Electronics has become the largest export-oriented industry in Viet Nam and is primarily led by major multinational enterprises (MNEs) producing in Viet Nam.

  4. Working paper

    What drives CSR? An empirical analysis on the labour dimensions of CSR

    05 August 2020

    Relying on the data provided by an ESG rating agency, this paper aims at bringing more understanding on the diversity of firms’ behaviours in terms of labour related CSR and filling a gap on the potential role of labour market institutions, including workers’ collective rights, to contribute to an effective CSR policy.

  5. ILO/Sida Partnership on Employment Working Paper No. 7

    Attaining SDG 8 in Portugal: Macroeconomic, sectoral and labour market policies for structural transformation and full and productive employment

    21 July 2020

  6. Governance and Tripartism Department

    Access to Justice: A Literature Review on Labour Courts in Europe and Latin America

    03 July 2020

    This paper is aimed at offering an overview of the bibliographical discussion on Labour Courts in Europe and Latin America, stating what specific topics academics have shown interest in.

  7. ILO/Sida Partnership on Employment Working Paper No. 6

    Attaining SDG 8 in Azerbaijan: The challenges of economic transformation and job creation

    29 June 2020

  8. ILO/Sida Partnership on Employment Working Paper No. 5

    Accelerating structural transformation towards SDG goals: Macroeconomic and sectoral policies for full and productive employment in Rwanda

    26 June 2020

  9. Policy brief

    Delivering income and employment support in times of COVID-19: Integrating cash transfers with active labour market policies

    18 June 2020

    This brief examines how income support and active labour market policies can come together to improve workers' prospects in times of COVID-19, particularly in emerging and developing countries. It identifies the characteristics that determined the success of such polices in the past, and discusses how they can be adapted to today’s pandemic to contribute to rebuilding employment opportunities.

  10. ILO/UN Women

    Protecting the rights of domestic workers in Malaysia during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond

    16 June 2020

    This note explores the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on domestic workers in Malaysia. It highlights the requirements of migrant domestic workers in light of the existing and emerging impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and makes recommendations to protect the rights of domestic workers in Malaysia.