What has been done:The enabling environment for sustainable enterprises in Cambodia was assessed through a careful review of secondary data, findings from a national perception survey of workers and employers (including owners, CEOs and managers of companies), and supplementary information from published and unpublished materials. The perception survey was conducted in 2013 by a local consultancy firm (BDLink Cambodia) with the aim of identifying policy and advocacy strategies, and to inform the development of the EESE report. The survey focused on 3 of the 17 conditions.
The Survey and its sample:The survey was conducted in two parts, first reviewing business owners’ needs and challenges, and second, reviewing the attitudes of workers (including professionals) with the aim of informing policy development of employers.
A total of 355 enterprise representatives, or employers, were sampled (155 companies in Phnom Penh, 105 in Siem Reap and 95 in Battambang) representing all major industries. 49 per cent of surveyed enterprises are classified as small and 51 per cent as large. Respondent distribution by ownership of the company shows that 70.7 per cent of surveyed firms are Cambodian-owned, 22.5 per cent are foreign-owned, and 6.8 per cent are both Cambodian and foreign-owned.
The EESE survey sample of workers is made up of 257 individuals (111 workers from Phnom Penh, 74 from Siem Reap, and 72 from Battambang). Male workers account for 63.8 per cent of respondents, while female workers account for 36.2 per cent. The majority of workers (80 per cent) are younger than 30, with a large majority of workers surveyed (62.6 per cent) having only been with their current employer for less than one year. Of all workers surveyed, 67 per cent have not reached high school, with a small portion having no schooling at all. This is true across all industries.
Results:Recently two reports were launched in Cambodia that lay out the challenges and opportunities for higher growth and more and better jobs in Cambodia.
The ILO report “The Enabling Environment for Sustainable Enterprises (EESE) in Cambodia” provides the evidence base. In this respect the ILO also introduced a new reporting format, in form of a six pager with key findings.The CAMFEBA report, “Pathways to Prosperity: Policy priorities to create an enabling environment for sustainable enterprise development & creation in Cambodia” is predicated on the analysis from the EESE report and focuses on policy recommendations in four key areas; workplace relations, skills, governance, and the legal and regulatory environment. This will form the basis for CAMFEBA's advocacy efforts and progress on these policy recommendations will be tracked.