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Turkmenistan > Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons

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Country: Turkmenistan - Subject: Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons

  1. Turkmenistan - Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons - Law, Act

    Law No. 567-V of 3 June 2017 "On Custody and Guardianship". - legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2017-06-03 | Date of entry into force: 2018-01-01 | TKM-2017-L-107025

    Chapter I: General provisions
    Chapter II: State regulation and control in the sphere of custody and guardianship
    Chapter III: Identification and registration of persons in need of custody and guardianship
    Chapter IV: Legal status of custodians and guardians
    Chapter V: Rights and duties of custodians and guardians. Rights of the ward
    Chapter VI: Legal regime of the property of wards
    Chapter VII: Termination of custody and guardianship. Release or dismissal of a custodian and guardian from the application of his/her duties
    Chapter VIII: Final provisions.

  2. Turkmenistan - Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons - Law, Act

    Law No. 454-V of 15 October 2016 "on Combating Human Trafficking". - legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-10-15 | Date of entry into force: 2017-01-01 | TKM-2016-L-105738

    Chapter I: General provisions
    Chapter II: Means of influence over the victims of human trafficking and forms of their exploitation
    Chapter III: Organizational bases for combat against human trafficking
    Chapter IV: Prevention of human trafficking and crimes linked with it
    Chapter V: Identification of victims of human trafficking, procedure of recognizing as a victim of human trafficking and giving the status of a victim of human trafficking
    Chapter VI: Specialized institutions for assistance and support to victims of human trafficking. Repatriation of persons who were victims of human trafficking
    Chapter VII: Social rehabilitation of victims of human trafficking, protection and assistance for them
    Chapter VIII: International cooperation in the sphere of combat against human trafficking
    Chapter IX: Final provisions.
    Repeals the previous law "On Combat Against Human Trafficking" (Vedomosti Mejlisa Turkmenistana, 2007, No. 4, p. 79).

  3. Turkmenistan - Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons - Law, Act

    Law No. 74-V of 3 May 2014 "On State Guarantees of the Rights of the Child", as amended to 18 June 2016. - legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2014-05-03 | Date of entry into force: 2014-05-12 | TKM-2014-L-105759

    Chapter 1 introduces general provisions concerning, inter alia, the main concepts, the scope of the enforcement of this law, the equality of the rights of the child, prohibition of restriction of the rights of the child, state politics for the interests of the child, financial provision for the state policy of protection of the rights of the child.
    Chapter 2 sets the rights, freedoms and duties of the child: inter alia, the right to life and development, to the name, citizenship, basic living standard, the right to live and educate in a family, the right to protection of dignity, to personal life, to freedom of religion, to own viewpoint, to health care, to education, to proper upbringing, to living place, to rest, to labour, to heritage, to property, to state allowances, also the rights of the refugee child.
    Chapter 3 sets the state guarantees of protection of the rights, freedoms and lawful interests of the child: in particular, competencies of state, local self-government bodies in this sphere, the protection of the rights of the child to education, to health and healthy environment, to protection against labour exploitation, obscenities, materials which may cause harm to the health and healthy development of the child, also protection of the right of the child with disability, the orphan children and children left without parental care, protection of the child from abduction and trade, also the rights and the duties of the parents to upbringing and development of the child.
    Chapter 4 sets the final provisions.
    Repeals the law of 2 July 2002 "On the Guarantees of the Right of the Child" (Vedomosti Mejlisa Turkmenistana, 2002, No. 2, p. 18).

  4. Turkmenistan - Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons - Law, Act

    Law No. 423-IV of Turkmenistan of 29 August 2013 providing for the State Youth Policy. - Legislation On-Line in Russian

    Adoption: 2013-08-29 | Date of entry into force: 2013-09-07 | TKM-2013-L-96249

    Chapter I: General Provisions
    Chapter II: State Regulation in the Field of Youth Policy
    Chapter III: Legal and Social Protection of Youth
    Chapter IV: State Support for Youth
    Chapter V: Measures and Mechanisms of Realization of State Youth Policy
    Chapter VI: Youth Unions
    Chapter VII: Economic Support for the State Youth Policy
    Chapter VIII: Final Provisions

    Repeals Law of Turkmenistan of 1 October 1993 on State Youth Policy in Turkmenistan (Vedomosti Mejlisa Turkmenistana, 1993, No.9-10, p.72); also repeals part 4 of Law of Turkmenistan of 15 September 1998 to Amend and Supplement Several Legal Acts of Turkmenistan (Vedomosti Mejlisa Turkmenistana, 1998, No.3, P. 45).

  5. Turkmenistan - Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons - Law, Act

    Law No. 5-III of 1 February 2005 on Guarantees of the Right to Work for Youth. - Information on-line in Russian and English

    Adoption: 2005-02-01 | Date of entry into force: 2005-02-01 | TKM-2005-L-89892

    Contains 6 articles:
    1. Prohibits parties from concluding employment contracts with children under the age of sixteen years. Children who have attained the age of fifteen years may be employed only if the parents(guardian, trustee) have given their written consent and the work activity will not keep them from continuing their schooling.
    2. Employers are prohibited from using workers who have not yet attained the age of majority in jobs with poor working conditions or in hazardous, dangerous, and underground work.
    3. Parents (or guardians) may not authorise a child to work in permanent employment, especially in jobs that lead to their exclusion from the schooling, in violation of the rights and interests of children enshrined in the legal Acts of Turkmenistan, as well as the universally recognized norms of international law.
    4. Legislation related to occupational safety and health of children must be respected not only by legal entities (companies, institutions, organizations), but also private entrepreneurs, as well as others.
    5. The work of children, regardless of the form in which it occurs, if it is permanent or temporary, should not create obstacles to their learning in schools.
    6. Violations of the employment rights of children is punishable under the legislation of Turkmenistan.

  6. Turkmenistan - Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons - Law, Act

    Law No. 121-II of 5 July 2002 on the Guarantees of the Rights of the Child. - Information on-line in Russian and English

    Adoption: 2002-07-05 | TKM-2002-L-89893

    Chapter I: General Provisions
    [Defines a child as being under the age of 18 years old.]
    Chapter II: Children's Main Rights and Freedoms
    [Article 19 provides for rights concerning employment. A child has the right to work once they have reached the age of 16 years old and may be able to work, subject to parental consent, from the age of 15 years.]
    Chapter III: Protection Guarantees for Children's Rights and Freedoms
    Chapter IV: Duties and Limits of Children's Rights
    Chapter V: Final Provisions


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