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Libya > General provisions

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Country: Libya - Subject: General provisions

  1. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 13 of 2016 amending some provisions of Law No. 12 of 2010 concerning Labour Relations Law. - Legislation online in Arabic

    Adoption: 2016-04-24 | Date of entry into force: 2016-02-23 | LBY-2016-L-104681

    This Law Repeals Section No. 59 of Law No. 12 of 2010 concerning Labour Relations Law.

    This Law amends Section No. 1 of Law No. 12 of 2010 concerning Labour Relations Law as follows: "Labour relations between citizens in the State of Libya are free and based on wages and partnership and it may be with non-Libyans.The work performed in the public service may be payable, in accordance with the provisions of this Act."

    This Law amends the second paragraph of Section 50 of Law No. 12 of 2010 concerning Labour Relations Law, as follows: "An employer shall not deduct more than one quarter of a worker's remuneration in settlement of loans made to him by the employer".

  2. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 11 of 2016 on the Protection of Public Morals. - Legislation online in Arabic

    Adoption: 2016-04-24 | Date of entry into force: 2016-04-24 | LBY-2016-L-104711

    Theatrical or acting and other artistic performances shall not be presented in the public places without a licence authorized by the competent authority of the interior ministry.
    Obscene or sexual performances, indecent or immoral shows are banned for authorization.

  3. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 11 of 2014 on the establishment of the National Anti-Corruption Commission. - Legislation online in Arabic Legislation online in English

    Adoption: 2014-12-14 | Date of entry into force: 2014-04-16 | LBY-2014-L-98868

    Chapter I: General Provisions.
    Chapter II: The National Anti-Corruption Commission Regulation.
    Chapter III: Final and Transitional Provisions.

  4. Libya - General provisions - Constitution

    Constitutional Amendment No. 7 of 2014. - Legislation online in Arabic Legislation online in English

    Adoption: 2014-05-07 | Date of entry into force: 2014-03-11 | LBY-2014-C-98865

    Amends Article 30 of the Constitutional Declaration.

  5. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 8 of 2014 on the National Identification Number. - Legislation online in Arabic

    Adoption: 2014-05-07 | Date of entry into force: 2014-03-24 | LBY-2014-L-98867

    Article 1: Definitions.
    Article 2: The National Identification Number Formation.
    Article 3: Establishing The National Identification Number Database.
    Articles 4-5: Granting and Abolishing the National Identity Number.
    Articles 6-11: General Provisions.

  6. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 4 of 2014 on the Libyan Red Crescent. - Legislation online in Arabic Legislation online in English

    Adoption: 2014-04-23 | Date of entry into force: 2014-02-05 | LBY-2014-L-98862

    The Libyan Red Crescent is a volunteer humanitarian organisation that possesses its own logo. It shall be an institution in the form of an independent national association of public benefit as set forth by the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols. Its work shall be guided by the basic international principles applicable in this respect. It shall assist the public authorities and provide aid and support to the most vulnerable groups without discrimination when necessary or requested.

    The Libyan Red Crescent Society shall work inside and outside Libya to care for human dignity and the right to life. It shall be the only entity to assume the functions of the Red Crescent at the local, regional, and international levels. The funds thereof shall enjoy the sanctity of public funds, and the employees thereof shall have the capacity of civil servants during the performance of their volunteer work.

  7. Libya - General provisions - Constitution

    Constitutional Amendment No. 6 of 2014. - Legislation online in Arabic Legislation online in English

    Adoption: 2014-04-23 | Date of entry into force: 2014-02-05 | LBY-2014-C-98863

    Amends Article 30 of the Constitutional Declaration.

  8. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 5 of 2014 amending Article 195 of the Penal Code. - Legislation online in English

    Adoption: 2014-02-05 | Date of entry into force: 2014-02-05 | LBY-2014-L-98869

    Article 1: Article 195 of the Penal Code shall be amended as follows:

    "Without prejudice to any harsher penalty, whoever commits an act that prejudices the 17 February Revolution shall be punished by imprisonment.

    The same penalty shall be imposed on any person who publicly insults the legislative, executive, or judicial branches or any member thereof during or due to the performance of duties, or who insults the state emblem or flag."

  9. Libya - General provisions - Constitution

    Constitution Amendment No. 5 of 2013. - Legislation online in Arabic

    Adoption: 2013-09-02 | Date of entry into force: 2013-04-11 | LBY-2013-C-96521

    Amends the Constitution by adding an additional paragraph to Article No. 6 of Constitution of Libya, 2012. Also amends Paragraph No. 6 of Article No.1 of the Constitution Amendment No. 1 of 2012.

  10. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 10 of 2013 concerning the Criminalization of Torture, Forced Abduction, and Discrimination. - Legislation online in Arabic

    Adoption: 2013-05-28 | Date of entry into force: 2013-05-28 | LBY-2013-L-96439

    The Law provides that restricting the personal freedom of a person through force, threat, or treachery and discrimination are criminal offences and are punishable under criminal law. Article 2 provides that anyone who "commits torture or orders someone else to inflict physical or mental suffering on a person under their control or to elicit a forced confession of a crime he or she may or may not have committed, or for discrimination of any form, or for revenge of whatever motive shall be imprisoned for a period of no less than five years." Article 2 also prescribes the same prison term for anyone "who remains silent on torture while having the ability to stop it." If torture results in "grave harm" the punishment is no less than eight years and ten for "grave harm" which results in the death of the victim the offence is punishable by life imprisonment. Article 3 provides that depriving a person of any of his or her rights because of membership in a group or clan, residence in a geographic area, or ethnicity or colour is also punishable with 3 to 15 years of imprisonment. Under Article 5, "political, executive, and administrative officials as well as military commanders or their officers-in-charge" are also liable for acts of torture, among others, committed by those under their control if the superior does not take the necessary measures to prevent or expose the act if able to do so, or to refer it to the relevant authorities.

  11. Libya - General provisions - Constitution

    Constitution Amendment No. 3 of 2012. - Legislation online in Arabic

    Adoption: 2012-11-20 | Date of entry into force: 2012-07-05 | LBY-2012-C-93475

    Paragraph 6(2) of the Constitution Amendment No.1 of 2012 is amended, provides that the Constitutional Commission shall be chosen by direct and free elections.

  12. Libya - General provisions - Constitution

    Constitution Amendment Law No. 2 of 2012. - Legislation online in Arabic

    Adoption: 2012-08-23 | LBY-2012-C-93474

    Amends Section 30 paragraph 3 of the Constitution of 2012 as follows:

    "The election of the General National Congress shall be held within a period of 270 days following the declaration of liberation".

  13. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 28 of 2012 amending some provisions of Law No. 4 of 2012 concerning the Election of the General National Congress. - Legislation online in Arabic

    Adoption: 2012-05-12 | Date of entry into force: 2012-04-17 | LBY-2012-L-93751

    This Law amends Section 32 of Law No. 4 of 2012 concerning the Election of the General National Congress.

  14. Libya - General provisions - Constitution

    Constitution Amendment No. 1 of 2012. - Legislation online in English Legislation online in Arabic

    Adoption: 2012-03-13 | LBY-2012-C-93472

    Amends certain paragraphs of Section 30 of Libya Constitution, 2012.

  15. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 4 of 2012 concerning the Election of the General National Congress. - Legislation online in English Legislation online in Arabic

    Adoption: 2012-03-06 | Date of entry into force: 2012-01-28 | LBY-2012-L-93748

    Chapter I: Definitions.
    Chapter II: Preliminary Provisions.
    Chapter III: Electoral System.
    Chapter IV: The Right to Vote.
    Chapter V: Terms and Procedures for Candidacy.
    Chapter VI : Electoral Campaign.
    Chapter VII: Voting Procedures.
    Chapter VIII: Appeals.
    Chapter IX: Electoral Crimes.
    Chapter X: Final Provisions.

  16. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 3 of 2012 Establishing the National Election High Commission (NEHC). - Legislation online in Arabic

    Adoption: 2012-03-06 | Date of entry into force: 2012-01-18 | LBY-2012-L-93752

    This Law establishes the National Election High Commission, which is a national body that has a legal capacity and an independent financial disclosure. The High Commission is based in Tripoli, and other branches thereof can be established.

    The High National Commission undertakes the following tasks:
    1-Preparation, implementation, supervision, monitoring of the election of the General National Congress and announcing its results in accordance with the principles and rules adopted for the electoral process in the Elections Law.
    2-Raising public awareness of the importance of elections and encouraging people to take part therein.
    3-Draw up guidelines for the electoral process in order to achieve progress and implementation of the Elections Law.
    4-Registration of voters and preparation and reviewing of their records.
    5-Formation of specialized committees for the electoral process, voting, counting and scheduling elections.
    6-Selecting the date for accepting application forms for the candidates and candidate registration.
    7-Accreditation of local and international observers and representatives of the candidates.
    8-Develop a mechanism for the receipt of complaints and grievances that fall within its competence and making decision therein in accordance with the Elections Law.
    9-Determining the period of electoral campaigns and monitoring them.
    10-Organizing the elections for the Libyans residing overseas in countries that are determined by the High Commission and the possibility of conducting elections in these countries in coordination with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.

  17. Libya - General provisions - Constitution

    Constitution of Libya, 2012. - Legislation online in Arabic Legislation online in English

    Adoption: 2012-02-09 | Date of entry into force: 2011-08-03 | LBY-2012-C-93473

    Preamble
    Part I: General Provisions.
    Part II: Rights and Public Freedoms.
    Part III: Form of the State Governance during the Transitional Stage.
    Part IV: Judicial Guarantees.
    Part V: Final Provisions.

  18. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 24 of 2010 On Libyan Nationality. - Legislation online in English Legislation online in Arabic

    Adoption: 2010-05-28 | LBY-2010-L-93753

    The Libyan nationality is the nationality of citizens of the Greatest Socialist Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.

    Every person considered a Libyan who resided in Libya regularly since 07/10/1951 and s/he did not have other foreign nationality and if
    one of the following conditions is applicable on him/her:
    - He/she born in Libya.
    - He/she born outside Libya but one of his parents born in Libya.
    - He/she born outside Libya but he resided regularly for a period not less than 10
    years before 07/10/1951.

    Law No. 17 of 1954 concerning Libyan Nationality and Law No. 18 of 1980 concerning the Nationality Law and its amendments are repealed.

  19. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 12 of 1378 [2010] on Labour Relations. - The Libyan Congress

    Adoption: 2010-01-28 | Date of entry into force: 2010-06-02 | LBY-2010-L-86041

    Introductory Chapter
    PART I: GENERAL AND COMMON PROVISIONS
    Chapter One: Employment offices
    Chapter Two: The labour and employment system
    Chapter Three:The employment of women and children
    Chapter Four: Holidays
    Chapter Five: Medical and social care
    Chapter Six: Termination of employment
    Chapter Seven: Joint Provisions
    PART II: PARTNERSHIP RELATIONSHIPS
    PART III: CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIPS
    Chapter One: Employment contract
    Chapter Two: Vocational training
    Chapter Three: Domestic services
    Chapter Four: Labour disputes, conciliation and arbitration
    Chapter Five: Labour inspection
    Chapter Six: Penalties
    Chapter Seven: Sanctions
    PART IV: STATUTORY RELATIONS - THE PUBLIC SERVICE
    Chapter One: Administrative organization and functions
    Chapter Two: Employment
    Chapter Three: Rights and benefits
    Chapter Four: Transfers, relocation and secondment
    Chapter Five: Job responsibilities
    Chapter six: Discipline
    Chapter Seven: Referrals
    Chapter Eight: Final provisions

  20. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No.(9) for 2000 regarding organizing trade of transit and free zones. - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 2000 | LBY-2000-L-82941

    Repeals Law No.(10) for 1959 concerning free zones. Provides for the regulation of free zones.

  21. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law (No. 5 of 1991) on the application of the principles of the Great Green Charter of Human Rights in the Jamahiriyan Era. - Law on-line

    Adoption: 1991-07-20 | LBY-1991-L-57642

    Implements the principles of the Great Green Charter of Human Rights in the Jamahiriyan Era, reiterating their priority over all other laws and orders.

  22. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Promotion of Liberty Law (No. 20 of 1991) - Law on-line

    Adoption: 1991-01-01 | LBY-1991-L-55306

    Establishes the freedoms and rights of the people of Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. Grants equal rights to both men and women. Grants freedom of religion, speech and association so long as the moral health of society is not endangered. Establishes the right to defend the country. Grants citizens the right to choose forms of employment and earn wages. Establishes the right of citizens to own private property. Provides for social security to protect the needy, aged, disabled, orphaned and those otherwise incapable of working. Prohibits the employment of children in work hazardous to their health, morals or physical development.

  23. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    The Great Green Charter of Human Rights in the Jamahiriyan Era (188). - Chater on-line

    Adoption: 1988-06-12 | LBY-1988-L-57641

    Establishes principles to promulgate the Great Green Charter of Human Rights of the Jamahiriyan Era, addressing, inter alia, political representation (s. 1), criminal punishment (s. 2), freedom of movement (s. 3), citizenship (s. 4), freedom of association (s. 6), the right to work (s.11) and equality of treatment between men and women (s. 21).

  24. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 7 of 1982 on the protection of the environment. - Law on-line in Arabic

    Adoption: 1982-07-06 | LBY-1982-L-83500

    This Law consists of 11 Chapters divided into 75 articles. Chapter I contains general provisions. Protection of the air is dealt in Chapter II. Protection of seas and marine resources is given in Chapter III. Protection of water resources is provided for in Chapter IV. Protection of food and foodstuffs is refered to in Chapter V. Chapter VI deals with environment saving. Chapter VII addresses the protection against common diseases. Chapter VIII relates to the protection of soil and plants. Protection of wildlife is given in Chapter IX. Transitional provisions are contained in Chapter X. Offences and penalties are given in Chapter XI. This Law provides for the protection of the environment from pollution including air, water, soil and food (art. 2). All concerned authorities shall adopt all best ways and methods for the protection of the environment (art. 6). Article 7 establishes the Technical Centre for the Protection of the Environment with the competence to lay down plans and programmes related to environment, environment protection, cooperation with international organizations in removing the causes of pollution, issuing permits, updating international agreements and treaties concerning environment, and to EIA. The Centre shall have the right to inspect concerned agencies and offices (art. 8). Article 17 provides for the control on the emission of smog generated by vehicles. Fishing gear and fishing methods, definition of meshes, and protected species are specified in articles 19-21. Provisions on pollution caused by ships and by oil are defined in articles 22 and 23. Concerned authorities shall define the list of ports for receiving waste disposal (art. 28). The Control Guide shall have the right to inspect ships (art. 32). It shall be prohibited to throw or drain waste and radioactivity materials in the sea (arts. 34-37).

  25. Libya - General provisions - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    Declaration on the Establishment of the Authority of the People. - Declaration

    Adoption: 1977-03-02 | LBY-1977-M-83502

    Article 1 - Name
    Article 2 - Religion
    Article 3 - Congresses, Committees, Unions
    Article 4 - Chairman
    Article 5 - Absence
    Article 6 - Election
    Article 7 - Budget
    Article 8 - Departments, Employees
    Article 9 - Defence
    Article 10 - Terms

  26. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Prisons Law (No. 47 of 1975).

    Adoption: 1975-06-23 | Date of entry into force: 1975-07-09 | LBY-1975-L-50001

    Defines the aims and types of prisons, and provides for the classification of inmates and their treatment, the accommodation of female inmates and their treatment, the employment of inmates and their wages, the education, medical care, and social care of inmates, the manner of visiting and corresponding with inmates, administration and rules of prisons, the judicial supervision of prisons, the release of inmates, the application of the death sentence, and the establishment of planning and development councils for prisons.

  27. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law amending several provisions of the Penal Code.

    Adoption: 1974-03-27 | LBY-1974-L-64415

    Amends certain provisions of Penal Code. Section 359 provides for freedom of labour. A person shall be sentenced to imprisonment for no less than one year and to a fine between 100 and 500 dinars if he or she uses force, violence, terrorism, threats or illegal acts to force another person to cease working or to force an employer to employ an individual, or to prevent him from employing a person. Same sanction shall apply if the intention of the person is to prevent any other person from membership in trade union.

  28. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 50 of 1972 adding an Article to the Labour Code.

    Adoption: 1972-04-17 | LBY-1972-L-76672

    Adds new Article 100bis to the Labour Code concerning house and food benefits.

  29. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 22/1971 amending several provisions of the Labour Code and the National Insurance Law No. 53 of 1957.

    Adoption: 1971-03-31 | Date of entry into force: 1971-03-31 | Date of gradual entry into force: 1971-12-06 | LBY-1971-L-81345

    The Law replaces articles: 44, 116, 132(para I), 136(para I) and 168 of the Labour Code. Article 44 provides that these provisions apply to an employee who is not insured regularly at the national social insurance institute. Employees who are fully insured by the institution are entitled to daily financial assistant due to the disability that the employee had suffered from during his work. Article 116 provides that only one workers union is allowed for each profession in each district. Also repeals article 23(3), and 25(3) of the National Insurance Act.

  30. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 108 of 1971 amending certain provisions of the Labour Code.

    Adoption: 1971 | LBY-1971-L-76671

    Amends Articles 35, 40, 52 and 87bis of the Labour Code:
    Article 35: amened to provide that an employer is not allowed to reduce the salary of an employee by more than 10% to cover a loan provided by the employer, and he is not allowed to take commission of any kind on such loans. this excludes bank loans that are given to bank employees. the employer is also prohibited from forcing his employers into buying his products.
    Article 40(last para): The vacation days are to be calculated according the percentage of yearly working days of each employee.
    Article 52: The name "general manager" is replaced with the term "specialized office manager".
    Article 87bis: this article is added and its as follows: "each employee has the right of fully paid leave during public holidays, and the employer has to pay double time if he needs his workers to work during the public holidays"

  31. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Law No. 65 for the year 1970 concerning trades and commercial companies. - Unofficial English Translation

    Adoption: 1970-05-02 | LBY-1970-L-82942

    Chapter I - Traders
    Chapter II - Joint-Stock Company
    Chapter III - Stock Commandant Companies
    Chapter IV - Companies of Limited Liability
    Chapter V - Sectors of Activities which Foreign Companies are Permitted to Practice in Libya
    Chapter VI - General Rules
    Chapter VII - Penalties and Controls
    Chapter VIII - Transitory and Final Provisions

  32. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Labour Code (No. 58 of 1970).

    Adoption: 1970-05-01 | LBY-1970-L-18555

    PART ONE - INTRODUCTION
    Title I: General Provisions
    Title II: Workplace
    Title III: Employment of Foreigners
    Title IV: Vocational Training
    PART TWO - LABOUR CONTRACTS
    Title I:Individual Employment Contract
    Title II: Joint Employment Contract
    PART THREE - ORGANIZATION OF WORK AND PROTECTION OF WORKERS
    Title I: General Provisions
    Title II: Working Hours and Rest period
    Title III: Employment of Youths and Women
    Title IV: Employees Means of Comfort and Protections from Dangers at Work
    Title V: Committees and Consultative Councils
    Title VI: Inspection
    PART FOUR - TRADE UNIONS
    PART FIVE - WORK DISPUTES
    PART SIX - PENALTIES
    PART SEVEN - FINAL AND TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

  33. Libya - General provisions - Constitution

    Constitution of Libya - Constitution in English Constitution Constitution on-line

    Adoption: 1969-12-11 | LBY-1969-C-74768

    Consists of 3 Chapters. Provides, inter alia, for equality of citizens before law (art. 5), freedom of expression (art. 13), right to education (art. 14) and health care (art. 15).

  34. Libya - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decision on prohibition of trafficking in labour.

    Adoption: 1969 | LBY-1969-R-64414

    Establishes that any contract will be deemed null and void if one of the two contracting parties confines himself to only supplying the other party with workers to work for him against a compensation which the latter undertakes to pay to the former for this service, while he undertakes to pay the wages of the workers. In general, any contract which deals with supplying an employer with workers through a contractor is invalid. Also provides for some related matters.

  35. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Libyan Civil Code.

    Adoption: 1954-02-13 | LBY-1954-L-26463

    Contents: Book One--Obligations Generally (sources of obligations, effects of obligations, kinds of conditions modifying the effects of obligations, transmission of an obligation, extinction of obligations, proof of obligations); Book Two--Specific Contracts (contracts as regards ownership, contracts relating to use of a thing, contracts for the hire of services, aleatory contracts, suretyship); Book Three--Principal Real Rights (right of ownership, rights derived from the right of ownership); Book Four--Accessory Real Rights or Real Securities (legal mortgages, mortgage by agreement, judgment charges upon immovable property, pledge, privileged rights).

  36. Libya - General provisions - Law, Act

    Penal Code. - Legislation on-line Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1953 | LBY-1953-L-97659


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