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Country: Eritrea

  1. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Penal Code of the State Eritrea, 2015. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2015-05-15 | ERI-2015-L-101051

    PART I - THE GENERAL PART
    Book I - Offences and the Offender
    Book II - Punishment
    PART II - THE SPECIAL PART
    Book I - Offences Against International Law
    Book II - Offences Against the Interests of the State
    Book III - Offences Against the Person, Public Decency and the Family
    Book IV - Offences Against Property
    Book V - Offences Involving Drugs

    The Penal Code replaces the Transitional Penal Code of Eritrea.

    Art. 3 states that the Code will come into force once published in the Government Gazette. As at 14th September 2017, no information had been received confirming that the Code had been published.

  2. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Civil Procedure Code of the State of Eritrea, 2015 - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2015-05-15 | ERI-2015-L-101052

    The Civil Procedure Code of the State of Eritrea provides the mechanism by which persons access courts for the proper determination and enforcement of their rights and duties. It regulates the process courts should follow in adjudicating civil and commercial disputes.

    The Code, as a means to reach substantive justice, incorporates rules and principles with the end of ensuring both substantive and procedural justice in the judicial process. To this end, this Code provides equal and fair treatment of parties to a dispute by putting in place provisions which afford reasonable and equal opportunities at every stage of the process. It aims to govern the litigation process to an extent which leaves little or no room for any arbitrariness in exercising judicial discretion thereby ensuring fairness and justice.

  3. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Criminal Procedure Code of the State of Eritrea, 2015. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2015-05-15 | ERI-2015-L-101053

    The enactment and active functioning of this Code assumes the further institutionalization under law of the various organs of adjudication and law enforcement as well as the continued and enhanced public awareness of the basic tenets of Eritrean criminal law and procedure. To function in tune with the Penal Code and other relevant regulations of Eritrea, this Criminal Procedure Code of the State of Eritrea will ensure the aggregated objectives of ensuring peaceful and secured life under law, the prevention of and willingness to fight crime as well as the just treatment of offenders.

  4. Eritrea - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Fisheries Proclamation (No. 176/2014). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2014-10-13 | ERI-2014-R-103959

    This Proclamation of the Government of Eritrea deals with a wide variety of matters concerning marine and inland fisheries, protection of marine wildlife and aquaculture. The main objective of this Proclamation is to ensure that exploitation of living marine aquatic resources is consistent with sustainable economic, environmental and social conditions.

    Contents
    I - Preliminary
    II - Administration
    III - Fisheries Management
    IV - Fishing Licences
    V - Aquaculture
    VI - Enforcement
    VII - General Provisoins

  5. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Proclamation Issued to Amend Proclamation No. 24/1992 Enacted to Regulate the Provision of Travel Documents, the Entry Into and Exit from Eritrea and Residence of Foreigners in Eritrea. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2011-04-01 | ERI-2011-L-101054

  6. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    The Female Circumcision Abolition Proclamation No. 158/2007. - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 2007-03-20 | ERI-2007-L-87830

    Article 1. Short Citation
    Article 2. Definition
    Article 3. Prohibition of Female Circumcision
    Article 4. Punishment
    Article 5. Effective Date

  7. Eritrea - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Regulations for the Importation, Handling, Use, Storage and Disposal of Pesticides (L.N. No. 114 of 2006). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2006-09-20 | ERI-2006-R-91364

    These Regulations introduce measures of control on the importation and placing on the market of pesticides. Only pesticides listed in Annex 1 to these Regulations may be imported commercially. Other pesticides may be imported for scientific purposes. Importation of pesticides requires a pesticide import permit and importation or otherwise trading or commercial application of pesticides requires a pesticide dealers license.
    Other provisions of these Regulations concerning packaging and labelling of pesticides and testing by importers and inspection by the Ministry. The Ministry shall issue a document of qualification to approved importers and dealers.

  8. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Non-governmental Organization Administration Proclamation No.145/2005. - Proclamation on-line

    Adoption: 2005-05-11 | ERI-2005-L-81435

    Part I - General
    Part II - Powers and Duties of Government Entities
    Part III - Rights and Obligations of NGO's
    Part IV - Activities of NGO's
    Part V - Miscellaneous Provisions

  9. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Proclamation to Provide for Tobacco Control (Proclamation No. 143/2004).

    Adoption: 2004-08-23 | ERI-2004-L-96416

  10. Eritrea - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Regulations to amend the Foreign Fishing Vessel Regulations L.N. No. 38/1998 (L.N. No. 70/2003). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2003-04-30 | ERI-2003-R-87833

    Article 2 is amended so as to change the meaning of "Department" in the principal Regulations. "Department" shall be the Fisheries Resources Regulatory Services Department of the Ministry of Fisheries.

  11. Eritrea - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Factory Vessel Regulations (L.N. No. 67/2003). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2003-04-30 | ERI-2003-R-94527

    These Regulations lay down the hygienic conditions that shall apply to handling (slaughtering, freezing, processing, salting, packing, etc.) of fish products on board of factory vessels Article 3 sets out minimum requirements for design and equipment. Article 4 prescribes design of areas for preparation and processing and freezing of fishery products. Article 6 prescribes requirements for vessels on which fish is frozen. A qualified person on board of a factory vessel shall be responsible for implementing best practices. Article 10 defines hygienic conditions applicable to heading, gutting and filetting, canning, smoking, thawing, etc. of fish. Article 24 contains general conditions for visual inspection of fish products. (27 articles)

  12. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Heavy Metals Regulations (L.N. No. 66 Of 2003). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2003-04-30 | ERI-2003-L-101057

    These Regulations lay down the measures for the monitoring of the heavy metals: Mercury, Lead and Cadmium in fishery and aquaculture products.

  13. Eritrea - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Regulations to Issue Work Permit to Non-Nationals (Legal Notice No. 80/2003). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2003 | ERI-2003-R-91365

    Articles:
    1. Short title
    2. Definitions
    3. Duty to obtain Work Permit
    4. Application for Work Permit
    5. Issuance of a Work Permit
    6. Issuance of a Special Work Permit
    7. Exemption
    8. Validity of a Work Permit
    8. Fees

  14. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Proclamation to provide for the Requirement of Registration of Foreigners who reside, work or engage in Business in Eritrea (No. 127/2002). - Laws on-line in English

    Adoption: 2002-12-27 | ERI-2002-L-87831

    1. Short title
    2. Requirement of Registration
    3. Penalty
    4. Effective Date

  15. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Labour Proclamation of Eritrea (No. 118 of 2001). - Proclamation on-line

    Adoption: 2001-11-15 | ERI-2001-L-61291

    Comprehensive legislation on labour relations. Divided into 13 parts. Part I contains preliminary provisions. Part II deals with employment of job seekers, and work permit for non-nationals. Part III provides for contract of employment, and rights and obligations of parties to contract. Part IV regulates termination of employment. Part V contains provisions regarding special labour contracts. Part VI deals with wages, hours of work, leave, public holidays, working conditions of the disabled, working conditions of women and young employees, and employment injuries. Part VII contains provisions regarding social security. Part VIII regulates formation of associations and collective bargaining. Part IX provides for strike, lockout and unfair labour practices. Part X regulates settlement of labour disputes. Part XI contains provisions regarding labour administration, Part XII on period of limitation and priority of claims, and finally, Part XIII on penalties.

  16. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Proclamation on the Formation of Political Parties and Organizations, 2001. - Proclamation on-line

    Adoption: 2001 | ERI-2001-L-81434

    Chapter I - General Provisions
    Chapter II - Rights, Duties and Basic Principles of Political Parties and Organizations
    Chapter III - Formation of a Political Party or Organization
    Chapter IV - Conditions that need to be met by a Political Party or Organization
    Chapter V - Registration and Permission
    Chapter VI - Declaration of the Formation of a Political Party or Organization
    Chapter VII - Banning or Dissolution of a Political Party or Organization
    Chapter VIII - Sources of Assets and their Administration
    Chapter IX - Various Regulations

  17. Eritrea - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Foreign Fishing Vessel Regulations (L.N. No. 38/1998). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1998-05-25 | ERI-1998-R-87834

    These Regulations make provision for the granting of fishing and other licenses to foreign fishing vessels, lay down some rules relative to operations of those vessels in Eritrean waters, and prescribe offences and penalties. No fishing license shall be granted to a vessel which is not registered with the Ministry of Fisheries (art. 3). The First Schedule provides a form of fishing license and the Second Schedule a form of a transshipment license. Article 5 concerns fees. Conditions that in general apply to operations of foreign fishing vessels are set out in article 6. Agents shall be appointed for each vessel for which an application for registration or granting of a license is made (art.7). Remaining provisions set out rules for operations of vessels such as the stowage of gear, disposal of waste matter, and the fitting out of vessels, regulate scienti8fic research (art. 17) and prescribe offences and penalties. The Third Schedule contains specifications for the marking of vessels. (22 articles)

  18. Eritrea - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    National Fishing Vessel Regulations (L.N. No. 39/1998). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1998-05-25 | ERI-1998-R-87836

    These Regulations make provision for the granting of national and fishing to fishing vessels, lay down some rules relative to operations of those vessels in Eritrean waters, and prescribe offences and penalties. Vessels that are not motorized or motorized but not exceeding four meters of overall length and vessels used exclusively for recreation fishing shall not be required to operate under a license (art. 3). Applications for a national fishing vessel license shall be made to the Head of Department of the Ministry of Fisheries (art. 4). Article 6 makes provision with respect to fees. Article 7 specifies general conditions that apply to vessels operating under a national fishing vessel license. No spear guns shall be used (art. 10). Marine turtles are declared to be protected species under article 11. (14 articles completed by 2 Schedules: (form of) application for a national fishing vessel license (I; (form of) national fishing vessel license)

  19. Eritrea - - Constitution

    Constitution of Eritrea. - Constitution on-line Constitution on-line

    Adoption: 1997-05-23 | ERI-1997-C-50149

    Chapter III provides for fundamental rights, freedoms and duties. Inter alia, prohibits discrimination based on race, ethnic origin, language, colour, gender, religion, disability, age, political views, or social or economic status; also prohibits forced labour and torture. Provides the right to due process of law and freedom of association (art. 19). Art. 27 allows the President to proclaim a state of emergency.

  20. Eritrea - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Proclamation to Provide for the Registration of Land and Other Immovable Property (Proclamation No. 95/1997). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1997-05-19 | ERI-1997-R-91366

    Proclamation made under the Land Proclamation No. 58/1994

    Article 1. Short Title
    Article 2. Repealed Laws
    Article 3. Cadastral Office
    Article 4. Registration of land and other immovable property
    Article 5. Transfer of Immovable Property Erected Over Land
    Article 6. Miscellaneous Provisions

  21. Eritrea - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Legal Notice No. 31/1997 to Provide for the procedure of allocation and administration of land. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1997-05-19 | ERI-1997-R-91367

    Regulations made under the Land Proclamation No. 58/1994.

    1. Short Title
    2. Scope of Application
    3. General
    4. Land use Plan and Area Development Plan
    5. Land Allocation Agency
    6. Eligibility for land allocation
    7. Duration of lease
    8. Payment by right holders
    9. Extent of rent
    10. Land Allocation and Registration Process
    11. Cancellation of land allocation and its effect
    12. Transfer of land in leasehold
    13. Penalty
    14. Coming into effect

  22. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Press Proclamation No. 90/1996 . - Legislation on-line in English

    Adoption: 1996-06-10 | ERI-1996-L-87832

    Sets out the rights and obligations of the press.

  23. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    National Service Proclamation No. 82/1995. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1995-10-23 | ERI-1995-L-79562

    Provides that nationals between the ages of 18 and 50 have the duty to participate in national service in the armed forces. Provides for the fundamental rules of active national service including in the reserve army.

  24. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Mining Proclamation No. 68/1995. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1995-03-20 | ERI-1995-L-87837

    The Proclamation shall apply to all mining operations, i.e. acts carried out to prospect, explore and mine for minerals within the territory of Eritrea. No person may carry out any mining operations without a license granted under this Proclamation. A person applying for a right must be eligible in accordance with section 5. Certain criteria do not apply to persons wishing to acquire an Artisanal mining right (as defined in section 2). Any Eritrean may prospect without a license on land not already subject to an existing license or application for a license. The Government may designate areas reserved for or excluded form specified mining operations (sect. 6). Section 8 defines a prospecting license, whereas section 9 provide for exploitation licenses. Discoveries of existence of minerals shall be immediately notified to the Controller, i.e. a person appointed by the Licensing Authority to control mining operations (sects. 12 and 13). An Artisanal mining license may be granted in respect of a part of the surface of an area subject t an existing exploration license (sect. 14). Sections 16 and 17 deal with mining licenses. Mineral water may be used or produced in accordance with section 18. Sections 20 to 27 specify rights and obligations of licensees. The licensee may occupy land covered by the license during the term of the license. All types of licenses shall be issued by the Ministry of Energy, Mines and Water Resources acting as Licensing Authority (sect. 43). Section 45 deals with registration and representation of licensees. Section 48 concerns settlement of disputes.

  25. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Proclamation to promote development of mineral resources (No. 68 of 1995) (extracts).

    Adoption: 1995 | ERI-1995-L-61295

    Inter alia provides for obligations of licensee in the conduct of mining operations. Mining operations shall be conducted in such a manner as to ensure health and safety of his agents, employees and other persons, and to minimize damage or pollution to the environment. Also provides for inspection of mining operations. Section 45 establishes that the holder of a license may be required, on surrender of revocation, to fence and safeguard any pits and other works in the license area so that the health, life and property of persons may not be endangered.

  26. Eritrea - - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Regulations on mining operations (L.N. No. 19/1995). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1995 | ERI-1995-R-61296

    Inter alia establishes obligation of holders of mining licenses to ensure health and safety at work. Section 30 provides that licensee shall provide his agents and employees with appropriate work clothing and protective equipment and shall ensure that they are properly trained or otherwise qualified for their work. Licensee is also obliged to provide appropriate health and medical facilities. Part VI deals with infractions and sanctions.

  27. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Land Proclamation No. 58/1994. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1994-08-24 | ERI-1994-L-91368

    Deals, inter alia, with respective rights of spouses in couples to land and land rights in case of divorce. The Proclamation contains 59 articles divided into five Sections:

    Section One - General
    Section Two -
    A. Principles
    B. Land Distribution
    C. Rights and duties of persons to whom land has been distributed
    D. Housing on rural land
    E. Previous land laws
    F. Miscellaneous provisions
    Section Three - Land Expropriated for National Reconstruction and Development Purposes
    Section Four - Powers and Responsibilities of the Land Commission
    Section Five - Supremacy and Applicability of this Proclamation

  28. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Proclamation No. 24 of 1992 Issued To Regulate The Issuing Of Travel Documents, Entry And Exit Visa From Eritrea, And To Control Residence Permits Of Foreigners In Eritrea. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1992 | ERI-1992-L-101055

  29. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Eritrean Nationality Proclamation, No. 21/1992. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1992 | ERI-1992-L-101056

  30. Eritrea - - Law, Act

    Proclamation No. 7/1997 Transitional Maritime Code of Eritrea. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1991-09-15 | ERI-1991-L-87838

    It is hereby proclaimed that the Maritime Code of 1960 Ethiopia hitherto in force shall, as of 15 September, 1991, serve as the Transitional Maritime Code of Eritrea with the following amendments and substitutions and with all words, phrases, names and dates denoting the Provisional Government of Eritrea. Except for the provisions of Article 46(1), the Maritime Code of Ethiopia of 1960 is hereby adopted and shall take effect. The provisions of Articles 2-5, Article 6(f) and (g) and Articles 28-31 of Proclamation No. 137 of 1953 as amended in 1956 are hereby adopted and shall take effect while the other provisions of the said Proclamation are hereby repealed. Relationship of this Transitional Maritime Code with other Colonial Laws All colonial laws which directly or indirectly contradict the provisions of this Transitional Maritime Code or which amend the provisions of the Maritime Proclamation or the 1960 Maritime Code of Ethiopia are hereby repealed.


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