Promoting jobs, protecting people
NATLEX
Database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation

China > Constitutional law

Show abstract/citation:

Filtered by:
Country: China - Subject: Constitutional law

  1. China - Constitutional law - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Decision of the National People's Congress on Establishing and Improving the Legal System and Enforcement Mechanisms for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to Safeguard National Security. (全国人民代表大会关于建立健全香港特别行政区维护国家安全的法律制度和执行机制的决定 [现行有效]) - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2020-05-28 | CHN-2020-R-110072

    The Decision contains seven sections. The first section provides that the Chinese Central government will upholds implement the policies of "one country, two systems," "Hong Kong people governing Hong Kong," but will take necessary measures to establish and improve the legal system and enforcement mechanisms for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to protect national security, and prevent, stop, and punish acts and activities that endanger national security according to the law. Sections 2 provides that the government will prevent, stop and punish the exploitation of Hong Kong by foreign and overseas forces for secession, subversion, infiltration, and sabotage activities in accordance with the law. The following sections set out the responsibilities and duties of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region with respect to national security.

  2. China - Constitutional law - Law, Act

    Interpretation of Article 104 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2016-11-07 | CHN-2016-L-103943

  3. China - Constitutional law - Law, Act

    Organic Law of the Villagers' Committees of the People's Republic of China (2010 Revision) (Orderoc of the President of the PRC No. 37). - Legislation in English and Chinese

    Adoption: 2010-10-28 | Date of entry into force: 1998-11-11 | CHN-2010-L-96137

    Chapter I - General Provisions
    Chapter II - Composition and Duties of the Villagers' Committees
    Chapter III - Election of the Villagers' Committees
    Chapter IV - Villagers' Assembly and Villagers' Representatives assembly
    Chapter V - Democratic Management and Democratic Supervision
    Chapter VI - Supplementary Provisions

  4. China - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China.

    Adoption: 1994-08-01 | CHN-1994-C-44037

    Adopted by the fourth extraordinary session of the Second National Assembly on 28 July 1994. The Articles 1 to 3 govern election and powers of the National Assembly, the President and the Vice President, and the Legislative Yuan; Articles 4-8 concern the judiciary, remuneration of members of the National Assembly and Legislative Yuan, and the powers of local governments. Article 9 states that the state shall give equal consideration to ecological protection with economic development; manage government-run financial organizations in line with the principles of business administration; provide universal health insurance; protect the dignity of women by eliminating sexual discrimination; safeguard the rights of the disabled, including through the provision of employment assistance; and protect the rights of aborigines.

  5. China - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Presidential Decree Promulgating Macao Basic Law

    Adoption: 1993-03-31 | Date of entry into force: 1999-12-20 | CHN-1993-C-33778

    This Constitution is comprised of 9 Chapters and three Annexes, including provisions concerning the government's constitutional structure, the relationship between China and Macao, fundamental rights and obligations of residents, the political structure, the economy, and social and cultural affairs. It will take effect on 20 December 1999, when China assumes sovereignty over Macao pursuant to the joint declaration between the Government of China and Portugal dated 13 April 1987.

  6. China - Constitutional law - Law, Act

    Ley Básica de la Región Administrativa Especial de Macao de la República Popular China.

    Adoption: 1993-03-31 | Date of entry into force: 1999-12-20 | CHN-1993-L-61038

    Contempla, entre otros aspectos, principios generales, relaciones entre las autoridades centrales y la región administrativa especial de Macao, derechos y deberes fundamentales de los residentes, estructura política, economía, cultura y asuntos sociales y asuntos externos.

  7. China - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Constitution Amendments, 1993.

    Adoption: 1993-03 | CHN-1993-C-37818

    Art. 15 declares that the State shall put into practice a socialist market economy, instead a planned economy as stipulated in the 1982 Constitution. Recognizes the separation of ownership and management in state enterprises, by changing the term "state economy" or "state enterprises" to "state owned economy" or "state-owned enterprises". The wording of "rural people's communes and agricultural producers" is changed to "the responsability system, the main form of which is household contracts linking remuneration to output" (Art. 8), and the term of office for the people's congress at the county level is extendend from three to five years (Art. 98).

  8. China - Constitutional law - Law, Act

    Ley núm. 13/90, de 10 de mayo de 1990, por la que se modifica el estatuto orgánico de Macao. - http://www.imprensa.Macau.gov.mo/bo/pt

    Adoption: 1990-05-10 | CHN-1990-L-20431

    Texto también publicado en el Boletim Oficial de Macao (ISN= 9751).

  9. China - Constitutional law - Law, Act

    Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic China. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1990-04-04 | Date of entry into force: 1997-07-01 | CHN-1990-L-21637

    Adopted by the Seventh National People's Congress pursuant to the Joint Declaration signed by the Chinese and British Governments on 19 December 1984 with a view to the transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong on 1 July 1997. Chapter I grants Hong Kong "a high degree of autonomy" and makes various provisions for its administrative status; Chapter II governs the relationship between the central authorities and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; Chapter III contains provisions for the fundamental rights and duties of residents; Chapter IV is devoted to the political structure, government, legislature and judiciary of the region, with a special section (arts. 99-103) on public servants; Chapter V is concerned with economic matters (public finance, monetary affairs, trade, industry, land leases, shipping, civil aviation); Chapter VI covers labour and social services, education, science, culture, sports and religion; and Chapters VII, VIII and IX, external affairs, interpretation and amendment of the Basic Law, and supplementary provisions, respectively. Certain procedural and legislative matters are taken up in three annexes. The basic law was promulgated by Decree No. 26 of the President of the PRC, dated 1990-04-04.

  10. China - Constitutional law - Law, Act

    The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1990-04-04 | Date of entry into force: 1997-07-01 | CHN-1990-L-103944

  11. China - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Ley constitucional núm. 1/89 (segunda revisión de la Constitución). - http://www.imprensa.Macau.gov.mo/bo/pt

    Adoption: 1989-07-08 | CHN-1989-C-8454

    En las págs. 4529 a 4572 contiene la Constitución en su tenor completo modificado. Disponible en anglais.

  12. China - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Amendment to the Constitution of the People's Republic of China

    Adoption: 1988-04-12 | CHN-1988-C-37835

    Two amendments were made to Art. 10 and Art. 11 of the 1982 Constitution. These two amendments allow the development of the private sector of the economy and transfer of the use of land. Disponible en anglais.

  13. China - Constitutional law - Law, Act

    Rules of Procedure for the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China

    Adoption: 1987-11-24 | CHN-1987-L-37836

  14. China - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Amendment to the Constitution of the People's Republic of China, 1999.

    Adoption: 1985 | Date of entry into force: 1999-03-15 | CHN-1985-C-56767

    Amends 1982 Constitution for the third time, providing several minor changes relating to the growing private sector of the economy. Art. 17 alters the wording of the constitutional provision that governs suppression of "counterrevolutionary activities", or "criminal activities that endanger national security".

  15. China - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Constitution of the People's Republic of China. (中华人民共和国宪法) - Legislation on-line in English and Chinese

    Adoption: 1982-12-04 | CHN-1982-C-14753

    Chap. II: The Fundamental Rights and Duties of Citizens. Disponible en anglais.

  16. China - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Constitution of the Republic of China.

    Adoption: 1947-01-01 | Date of entry into force: 1947-12-25 | CHN-1947-C-44036

    Chapter II sets forth rights and duties of the people. All citizens are equal before the law irrespective of sex, religion, race, class or party affiliation (Art. 7). Also provides freedom of movement, speech, privacy, religion, and the right to work (Art. 15). Chapter III covers the National Assembly; Chapter IV the Office of the President; Chapter V the Administration; Chapter VI the Legislature, and Chapter VII the Judiciary. In addition, Chapter VIII establishes an "Examination Yuan" in charge of matters relating to examination, employment, and social security benefits of public employees. Fundamental National Policies are outlined in Chapter XIII. Inter alia, the national economy shall seek to effect equalization of land ownership and restriction of private capital (Art. 142), the state shall provide opportunities for work (Art. 152), and it shall provide labour protection, especially for women and children (Art. 153). Furthermore, the state shall provide social security and public health care. English and Chinese texts available.


© Copyright and permissions 1996-2014 International Labour Organization (ILO) | Privacy policy | Disclaimer