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Bangladesh > General provisions

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Country: Bangladesh - Subject: General provisions

  1. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Digital Security Act, 2018. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2018-10-08 | BGD-2018-L-110029

    The Act is enacted to ensure National Digital Security and enact laws regarding Digital Crime Identification, Prevention, Suppression, Trial and other related matters.

    Of note: the Act includes a jail sentence of up to 14 years for any "propaganda or campaign against liberation war, cognition of liberation war, father of the nation, National Anthem or National Flag" (Section 21). Section 31(1) provides that a person may be jailed for up to 10 years if the "destroy any communal harmony or create unrest or disorder".

  2. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Torture and Custodial Death (Prevention) Act, 2013. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2013-10-24 | BGD-2013-L-95798

    The law stipulates that the police, Rapid Action Battalion (RAB), Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB), Customs, Immigration, Criminal Investigation Department (CID), intelligence agencies, Ansar & VDP, Coast Guard and other public servants cannot extract confessional statement through torture.

    The law says any custodian torturing a detainee would be liable of committing offences defined under the law. Again, any person attempting to commit, aiding and abetting to commit, or conspiring to commit an offence must be considered an offender.

    According to the new law, for any death in custody, the custodian would be awarded with rigorous life imprisonment or a fine of Tk100,000. In addition, they must compensate family members of the affected with Tk200,000.

  3. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Bangladesh Labour (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. 30 of 2013). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2013-07-22 | BGD-2013-L-94286

    Makes a large number of amendments to the 2006 Act. In particular the Act amends the 2006 Labour Act with respect to: adding a new section concerning the status of workers (section 4); compensation due to death (section 19); termination of employment (section 23, 24 and 27); adding a new section 28A entitled 'Employers-Workers relations due to any disaster beyond control or damage thereby'; resolving dispute over a child's age (section 36); dangerous work for children (section 39); emergency exits (section 62); access to gangways, stairs etc. for workers (section 72); adding a new section 78a concerning mandatory use of personal safety equipment; notification of competent authority in case of incident (section 80); establishment of a health centre in companies employing more than 5000 workers (section 89); adding a new section on formation of a safety committee (section 90a); adding a new section 94a entitled 'Residential Facility for Physically Challenged Workers'; compulsory group insurance (section 99); adding a new section 124a entitled 'Payment of dues including wages through conciliation'; adding a new section 140a entitled 'Special Power of the Government'; prohibition on deducting money to survivors of a worker who has died (section 155); provisions on social dialogue, trade unions and dispute resolution (sections 168, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 183, 187, 200, 202, 202a, 205, 211, 213, 214, and 215); employers and companies responsibilities (sections 232, 233, 234, 235, 236).

  4. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Parents Care Act, 2013. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2013 | BGD-2013-L-95797

    The Parent's Care Act, 2013, a law to ensure social security of the senior citizens, compels the children to take good care of their parents. According to the law, the children will have to take necessary steps to look after their parents and provide them with food and shelter. Each of the children will have to pay 10% of their total income regularly to their parents if they do not live with their parents. Moreover, children will have to meet their parents regularly if they live in separate residences. Furthermore, under no circumstances are children allowed to send their parents in old homes beyond their wishes. The law also allows aggrieved parents to file cases against their children if they decline to support them. A first class magistrate court will settle issues related to the violation of the law. For reconciliation of any issues, local government representatives such as chairmen, members and others authorised by them will settle the disputes. The law has the provision of Tk200,000 as fine and, in default, six months jail term for violation of the law. Spouse or any relative, including the in-laws, will be considered as offenders and will be punished if they are proved to be guilty of having objected to such support.

  5. Bangladesh - General provisions - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    National Labour Policy 2012. - Legislation on-line Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2012 | BGD-2012-M-99016

  6. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Economic Zones Act (Act No. 42 of 2010). - Legislation on-line in Bengali Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2010-08-01 | BGD-2010-L-92068

  7. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Family Violence (Prevention and Protection) Act, 2010 (Act No. 58 of 2010). - Legislation on-line in Bengali

    Adoption: 2010 | BGD-2010-L-92067

    Implements the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). Contains provisions for the protection of women and children against domestic violence.

  8. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    The Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009)

    Adoption: 2009 | Date of entry into force: 2007-11-01 | BGD-2009-L-94046

    Amends the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1898.

  9. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Labour Act, 2006 (XLII of 2006). - Legislation on-line in Bengali Legislation on-line Legislation online in Bengali

    Adoption: 2006-10-11 | BGD-2006-L-76402

    Annoted edition of the Labour Act, 2006.
    Chapter I - Preliminary
    Chapter II - Conditions of Service and Employment
    Chapter III - Employment of Adolescent
    Chapter IV - Maternity Benefit
    Chapter V - Health and Hygiene
    Chapter VI - Safety
    Chapter VII - Special Provisions Relating to Health, Hygiene and Safety
    Chapter VIII - Welfare
    Chapter IX - Working Hours and Leave
    Chapter X - Wages and Payment
    Chapter XI - Wages Board
    Chapter XII - Workers' Compensation For Injury by Accident
    Chapter XIII - Trade Unions and Industrial Relations
    Chapter XIV - Disputes, Labour Court, Labour Appellate Tribunal, Legal Proceedings, etc.
    Chapter XV - Workers' Participation in Companies Profits
    Chapter XVI - Regulation of Employment and Safety of Dock Workers
    Chapter XVII - Provident Funds
    Chapter XVIII - Apprenticeship
    Chapter XIX - Penalty and Procedure
    Chapter XX - Administration, Inspection, etc.
    Chapter XXI - Miscellaneous

  10. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Environment Court Act, 2000 (Act No. 11 of 2000). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2000-04-10 | BGD-2000-L-87959

    The Act includes the following:1. Short title 2. Definitions 3. Overriding effect of the Act 4. Establishment of Environment Courts 5. Jurisdiction of Environment Court 5A. Penalty for violating court's order 5B. Trial of certain offences by Special Magistrates 5C. Trial procedure in Special Magistrate's Court 6. Power of entry, search, etc. 7. Procedure for investigation 7A. Assistance from law enforcing agencies and other authorities 8. Procedure and power of Environment Court 9. Conversion of fines to compensation 10. Authority of Environment Court to inspect 11. Appeal 12. Environment Appeal Court 12A. Transfer of cases 13. Pending cases 13A. Jurisdiction of Environment Court over offences etc. committed earlier 14. Power to make rules.
    An Environment Court and an Environment Appeal Court are instituted under this Act and Judges appointed: the Courts shall rule trials under environmental laws and condemn violators of those very laws. Special Magistrates may be appointed for particular trials, power of investigation and inspection shall be accorded to inspectors in order to gather useful evidences.

  11. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Bangladesh Private Export Processing Zones Act, 1996 (Act No. 20 of 1996).

    Adoption: 1996-12-07 | BGD-1996-L-59499

    Establishes Private Export Processing Zones for setting up export oriented industries and their development, operation, management and regulation.

  12. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Bangladesh Environment Conservation Act, 1995. (Act No. 1 of 1995). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1995-02-10 | BGD-1995-L-87960

    The Act includes the following:1. Short title and commencement 2. Definitions 2A. Overriding effect of the Act 3. Department of Environment 4. Power and functions of the Director General 4A. Assistance from law enforcing agencies and other authorities 5. Declaration of ecologically critical area 6. Restrictions regarding vehicles emitting smoke injurious to environment 6A. Restrictions on manufacture, sale etc. of articles injurious to environment 7. Remedial measures for injury to ecosystem 8. Information to the Director General regarding environmental degradation or pollution 9. Discharge of excessive environmental pollutant etc. 10. Power of entry etc. 11. Power to collect samples etc. 12. Environmental clearance 13. Formulation of environmental guidelines 14. Appeal 15. Penalties 15A. Confiscation of materials and equipments involved in offence 15A. Claim for compensation 16. Offences committed by companies 17. Cognizance of offence and claim for compensation 18. Action taken in good faith 19. Delegation of Power 20. Power to make rules 21. Repeal and saving
    The Department of Environment is instituted as per section 3 of this Act and a Director General appointed to lead it. All the provisions are directed to protect the environment by any polluting , be it a solid, liquid, gaseous, or noise, heat and radiation. Rules are indicated in order to avoid any environmental damage when dealing with hazardous substances. By notification in the Official Gazette, an area could be declared ecologically critical area and restrictions applied to the discharge of pollutants in the air, water, land, sea and so on. Inspections on premises ,suspected of polluting the ecosystem, could be ordered and seizure of equipment, materials and samples of polluted resources seized upon. An Environmental Clearance Certificate from the Director General must be issued before initiating any commercial or industrial activity and environmental guidelines provided and largely distributed and enforced in order to prevent ecological disasters.

  13. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Presidential Election Act (Act No.27 of 1991). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1991-08-18 | BGD-1991-L-92054

    1. Short title and commencement
    2. Definitions
    3. Management and conduct of election
    4. Place of election
    5. Inviting nominations etc.
    6. Delivery of nomination papers
    7. Scrutiny of the nomination papers
    8. Withdrawal of candidature
    9. Proclamation of the names of candidates, proposers and seconders
    10. Taking of the poll
    11. Count of votes and declaration of result
    12. Power to make rules
    13. Repeals.

    The Presidential Election Ordinance, 1978 (Ord.No. XIV of 1978) is herewith repealed.

  14. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Referendum Act 1991 (Act No.25 of 1991). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1991-08-10 | BGD-1991-L-92055

    An Act made to provide for the conduct of a referendum for the decision of the question whether or not a Bill providing for the amendment of the Preamble or any provision of article 8, 48, 56, 58, 80, 92 or 142 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh should, after having been passed in Parliament in accordance with article 142 (1) of the said Constitution, be assented to by the President.

  15. Bangladesh - General provisions - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    Bangladesh Export Processing Zones Authority Instruction No. 1 of 1989.

    Adoption: 1989-06-14 | BGD-1989-M-50969

    Regulates classification of employees, service records, leave, maternity leave, termination of employment, and payment of wages of employees in export processing zones. Promulgated by the Bangladesh Export Processing Zones Authority. Consolidated text.

  16. Bangladesh - General provisions - Miscellaneous (circular, directive, legal notice, instruction, etc.)

    Bangladesh Export Processing Zones Authority Instruction No. 2 of 1989.

    Adoption: 1989 | BGD-1989-M-50970

    Determines wages and benefits for workers in the garment, electronics, terry towel, and textiles industry operating in export processing zones. Consolidated text.

  17. Bangladesh - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    Administrative Tribunals Rules, 1982.

    Adoption: 1982 | BGD-1982-R-50966

    Consolidated text.

  18. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Bangladesh Export Processing Zones Authority Act, 1980 (Act No. XXXVI of 1980).

    Adoption: 1980-12-26 | BGD-1980-L-76405

    Establishes the Bangladesh Export Processing Zones Authority for the creation, development, operation, management and control of EPZs.

  19. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Administrative Tribunals Act, 1990 (No. 7).

    Adoption: 1980 | BGD-1980-L-50965

    Establishes an Administrative Tribunal with jurisdiction over matters related to service and pension rights of public servants. Consolidated text.

  20. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Bangladesh Export Processing Zones Act, 1980 (No. 36).

    Adoption: 1980 | BGD-1980-L-50968

    Establishes a Bangladesh Export Processing Zones Authority which shall administer export processing zones. The Government may exempt zones from the operation of provisions of a number of Acts, including the Employment of Labour (Standing Orders) Act, 1965 (No. 8). Consolidated text.

  21. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Press Council Act, 1974 (Act No. XXV of 1974).

    Adoption: 1974-02-14 | BGD-1974-L-76404

    Establishes a Press Council for the purpose of preserving the freedom of the press and maintaining and improving the standard of newspapers and news agencies.

  22. Bangladesh - General provisions - Constitution

    Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. - Constitution (as amended) Constitution in English

    Adoption: 1972-11-04 | BGD-1972-C-33095

    Comprised of 11 Parts, concerning matters including fundamental principles of state policy, fundamental rights, and the Executive, judiciary, and Legislature. Prohibits racial, sexual and religious discrimination, and forced labour. Provides for equality of rights for men and women, freedom of assembly and association, and freedom of profession or occupation.

  23. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Bangladesh (Adaptation of Existing Laws) Order, 1972. - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1971-03-26 | BGD-1971-L-87976

    Following the establishment of the People's Republic of Bangladesh in 1971 and the dissolution of East Pakistan, the Order was adopted to provide that all laws in force before the 26 March 1971 are to remain in force in Bangladesh until amended or repealed by the competent legislative body.

  24. Bangladesh - General provisions - Regulation, Decree, Ordinance

    The Trade Organisations Ordinance, 1961 (Ordinance No. 45 of 1961).

    Adoption: 1961-12-02 | BGD-1961-R-59502

    Provides for the regulation and control of trade organizations.

  25. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    Code of Criminal Procedure of 1898 (Act No. V of 1898). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1898-03-22 | BGD-1898-L-94047

    Regulates the procedures for the hearing of criminal cases.

  26. Bangladesh - General provisions - Law, Act

    The Penal Code (Act No. XLV of 1860). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1860-10-06 | BGD-1860-L-92056

    Chapter I - Introduction
    Chapter II - General Explanations
    Chapter III - Punishments
    Chapter IV - General Exceptions
    Chapter V - Abetment
    Chapter VA - Criminal Conspiracy
    Chapter VI - Offences Against the State
    Chapter VII - Offences relating to the Army, Navy or Air Force
    Chapter VIII - Offences Against Public Tranquility
    Chapter IX - Offences by or relating to Public Servants
    Chapter IXA - Offences relating to Elections
    Chapter X - Contempts of the Lawful Authority of Public Servants
    Chapter XI - False Evidence and Offences Against Public Justice
    Chapter XII - Offences relating to Coin and Government Stamps
    Chapter XIII - Offences relating to Weights and Measures
    Chapter XIV - Offences Affecting the Public Health, Safety, Convenience, Decency and Morals
    Chapter XV - Offences relating to Religion
    Chapter XVI - Offences affecting the Human Body
    Chapter XVII - Offences against Property
    Chapter XVIII - Offences relating to Documents and Trade or Property Marks
    Chapter XIX - Criminal Breach of Contracts of Service
    Chapter XX - Offences relating to Marriage
    Chapter XXI - Defamation
    Chapter XXII - Criminal Intimidation, Insult, Prejudicial Act and Annoyance
    Chapter XXIII - Attempts to Commit Offences


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